Protect Yourself from Heat Stress

The following information is from:
U.S. Department of Labor Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA)

Factors Leading to Heat Stress

High temperature and humidity; direct sun or heat; limited air movement; physical exertion; poor physical condition; some medicines; and inadequate tolerance for hot workplaces.

Symptoms of Heat Exhaustion

  • Headaches, dizziness, lightheadedness or fainting.
  • Weakness and moist skin.
  • Mood changes such as irritability or confusion.
  • Upset stomach or vomiting.

Symptoms of Heat Stroke

  • Dry, hot skin with no sweating.
  • Mental confusion or losing consciousness.
  • Seizures or convulsions.

Preventing Heat Stress

  • Know signs/symptoms of heat-related illnesses;
    Monitor yourself and coworkers.
  • Block out direct sun or other heat sources.
  • Use cooling fans/air-conditioning; rest regularly.
  • Drink lots of water; about 1 cup every 15 minutes.
  • Wear lightweight, light colored, loose-fitting clothes.
  • Avoid alcohol, caffeinated drinks, or heavy meals.

What to Do for Heat-Related Illness

Call 911 (or local emergency number) at once.
While waiting for help to arrive:

  • Move the worker to a cool, shaded area.
  • Loosen or remove heavy clothing.
  • Provide cool drinking water.
  • Fan and mist the person with water.

For more information:

U.S. Department of Labor
Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA)
http://www.osha.gov
(800) 321-OSHA

Additional information and resources on heat related illness are available at The National Institute on Aging.